This event was the fourth Policy Research Conference that the Institute of Policy Analysis and Research (IPAR-Rwanda) has organized. The theme was ‘Building on MDGs progress for the future of Developing Countries’. The conference sought to bring together all academics from various disciplines, policy makers, and members of the private sector and civil society to build on existing knowledge and reflect on the future development beyond 2015 MDGs. The discussions in each session were lively, with contributions from a wide range of participants.