This Section contains IPAR Research Final Reports


Imihigo approach has been operational since 2006. Every year both central and local government sign Imihigo/ Performance Contracts with His Excellence the President of the Republic, Paul Kagame. Though IMIHIGO was an ancestral approach/ home grown, its modernization and use to setting objectives is one of the innovative approaches to development planning and evaluation.  It is increasingly becoming one of home grown initiatives that are changing the face of Rwanda as an invaluable tool for planning and effective implementation of the development policies. Since then IMIHIGO is used in Rwanda to design performance management contracts signed at the level of all public institutions including Ministries, embassies and Districts with the President of the Republic. At the end of every fiscal year, a performance evaluation is also conducted by independent evaluators with the coordination of the Prime Minister’s Office to assess the performance achieved against Imihigo targets and identify gaps to inform potential improvements in the following year’s Imihigo planning and implementation process...

IPAR - Rwanda & Prime Minister's Office, 2015

Annual Analysis of Rwanda’s Agriculture Budget Expenditure 2015-2016

The main interest of this research is more on a critical analysis of the annual budget 2015/2016 to specifically assess what has been allocated in the agriculture sector in response to  CAADP targets and come up with gaps to inform on the public financing in the agriculture sector.   More specifically, the study aims at:  (1) In- depth analysis of the government budget 2014/2015 to indicate exactly what goes into Agriculture and specifically for small holder farmers to cater  for agriculture inputs, access to  credit, agriculture extension services, agriculture research, labour and   energy saving  technologies), (2) Critically analyze increase/decrease in agriculture   allocations in reference to the last two years (2013/2014 and 2012/2013),   (3) Identifying gaps and provide recommendations for advanced engagement by policy makers, private sector, development partners, and smallholder farmers, and (4) Prepare and present the final report findings to different stakeholders in a forum to be decided between IPAR and the client...

IPAR - Rwanda and Action Aid, 2015

Gender Analysis for Sustainable Livelihoods and Participatory Governance in Rwanda

This report analyses the gender differences in Rwanda and explores why these differences exist and what they mean for sustainable livelihoods and participatory governance, to inform the Oxfam Rwanda Country Programme. The report includes an analysis of the legal and policy framework for gender equality and the empowerment of women, an analysis of secondary data and insights from qualitative research with key informants and women and men in Rwanda. It draws on data from a number of sources including the main surveys carried out under the auspices of the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda, survey and qualitative research carried out by IPAR-Rwanda over the last four years and other relevant research and qualitative research carried out specifically for this project ...

IPAR-Rwanda & Oxfam , 2015

Innovative Approaches to Creating Opportunities and Incorporating Young Youth into Rwanda’s Labor Markets

This is a qualitative study to identify and analyze the innovative approaches that will create employment opportunities and thus incorporate the youth into labor markets in Rwanda. This report also shows the effectiveness of the innovative approaches and ascertains whether they are workable or not. The findings identified the key obstacles that the youth face in finding employment as lack of jobs, relevance of skills acquired by graduates, information asymmetry between the job seekers and potential employers, attitude regarding self employment and agricultural work, experience, self confidence, corruption and nepotism. It is also important to note that there are challenges the youth face when setting up their own businesses such as lack of capital, lack of entrepreneurial skills, the mindset, lack of confidence, low self esteem...

IPAR-Rwanda & IDRC , 2014

Who’s really fighting the looming climate and hunger crisis?

Accelerating climate change, growing population and rising food prices pose a triple crisis that could lead to a collapse in global food systems. A predicted 30 per cent increase in world population by 2050, together with the severe impact of severe climate change on harvests, is widely forecast to set the scene for food scarcity in decades to come. This year’s famine in East Africa provided a terrible preview of how such crises could play out in years to come, with severe drought, conflict over access to water and land,
and high food prices interacting to push 13 million people into starvation.

ACTION AID Rwanda & IPAR 2013


The aim of the study was to assess how Rwanda has fared with respect to economic transformation over the past 30 years and suggest recommendations for accelerating its progress.

IPAR Rwanda and ACET ; 2012

European Report Rwanda Case Study

European Report Rwanda Case Study

This case study served to inform the European Report on Development 2013 post 2015


Raising Productivity and Reducing the Risks of Household Enterprises in Rwanda

The study of household enterprises (HEs) in Rwanda aims to contribute to the development of a national strategy to promote the growth and reduce the risks of these enterprises

World Bank and IPAR 2012

Lifestyle and Sexual and Reproductive Health in Rwanda:
Findings from a Purposive Qualitative Study

IPAR & Population Media Center

May 2014


Is Aid efficiently used to benefit women
smallholder farmers?

Action Aid and IPAR Rwanda 2012